Is It Good To Make Cabinets With Melamine Board Or Plywood?

- Apr 03, 2019-

furniture board vs plywood

furniture Board Definition:

Furniture board is a manufactured wood that used for cabinets. and many types of furniture. It is also referred to as particle board.

Furniture board is a type of wood that has manufactured from wood chips and resin. Since it does not have any type of grain, furniture board is usually covered with a veneer, lacquer. or laminate to improve its aesthetic appeal. Furniture board is less expensive than plywood, but it is not as sturdy. It usually has a rough texture, and it is prone to splitting and sagging. It also reacts to the environment, which may cause it to swell and discolor over time. Many carpenters will compromise by combining furniture board and plywood. They may use furniture board in less conspicuous portions of the cabinet. or in areas that will not required to support heavy weight. They will then use plywood for the visible or functional parts of the cabinets. By combining materials, carpenters can manage costs. while maintaining the appearance of the project.

In the production process, the melamine board made up of a combination of layers of paper. The amount of paper based on the use. Generally speaking. there is only one layer of sheet material that used for furniture purposes. But, if higher wear resistance required, multi-layer paper production required. For example, eco-flooring. which consists of surface paper, decorative paper, overlay paper, and base paper.

 furniture board  advantages

     The surface of the melamine board is flat, not deformed, and has good nail holding power. It has the characteristics of high wear resistance. strong corrosion resistance and moisture resistance. it is cost-effective. And environmental standards can reach E1, E0.

-Less expensive to manufacture than plywood

-Offers uniformity of texture

-Less likely to expand or contract with temperature fluctuations

-High-density versions have added strength and stability


Furniture board disadvantages

-Not as strong as plywood, even the high-density versions. Extra supports needed if heavy countertops placed over particle board cabinets.

-Less resistant to scratches and dents.

-Not as water-resistant as plywood. (But, neither is waterproof. Any major leakage or flooding ruins either type of wood.)

furniture board vs plywood

plywood Definition 

      The plywood made by cutting a wooden section into a veneer or by cutting it into a thin wood by a wooden block. and then bonding it into a three-layer. or multi-layered plate-like material with glue (usually the number. of layers of the veneer is a single odd number). so that the adjacent layer, which direction of the veneer fibers glued to each other.

   The length and width specifications of the plywood are the same as the building formwork. which is : 1220×2440mm. The thickness specifications are generally: 3, 5, 9, 12, 15, 18 mm, etc.

     Plywood is generally thought to be the better product when building cabinets. Plywood has superior construction longevity . because it holds screws and other mechanical fasteners more . It has superior tensile and shearing properties. (meaning it resists pulling forces and side-to-side movement). and a slight advantage in compressive strength (ability to bear weight). Plywood also weighs less than particle board, which can be significant. when hanging large cabinets. Besides, plywood holds glue joints together better than particle board. and is more resistant to dents and scratches.

plywood construction Advantage

      The plywood has good structural strength and good stability. It has the advantages of :

-light weight,high strength,good elasticityand toughness,

-impact resistance and vibration,

-easy processing

-Very strong building material.

-Lightweight yet sturdy.

-Resistant to cracks, warps, and shrinking over time, as well as more -moisture-resistant.

-Good for wood paneling, cabinetry, furniture, etc.

      But plywood has a large amount of glue, and it should sealed when construction done to cut pollution.

cabinet grade plywood disadvantages

-Edges of the board are raw and ugly and can’t covered .

-Not suitable for some joints/joining techniques.

-Might have natural defects such as knots from using layers of veneer.

solid wood furniture vs particle board

      Particle board engineered wood, made from sawdust and wood flakes. These particles mixed with phenolic resin, a glue. and firmly pressed using a hot-press machine to derive a sheet. Solid wood furniture derived from timber-yielding trees. The logs obtained from felled trees cut down into smaller pieces.

     Solid wood furniture is costly but its much stronger. and more durable than particle board furniture. Strength comparison: Solid wood is much stronger. as it is a natural homogeneous material. In any case, particle boards are lighter. less dense and weaker than any of the solid woods used in furniture making.

white melamine chipboard

furniture board vs plywood cabinets 

      If you are in the market for new cabinetry. your kitchen designer will likely want to know your preference about cabinet construction. The structure of a cabinet is. generally manufactured with either furniture board or plywood. The quality of these materials can vary. and there are pros and cons to each which makes it difficult to say that one is better than the other. So, how do you decide which one is right for your project?

    For starters, it’s important to know that both furniture board. and plywood engineered wood products. This manufacturing process involves binding or fixing strands, particles, fibers, veneers. or boards of wood together with adhesives or other methods. In this regard. these two products are similar, but there are several factors which differentiate them.

      Plywood is superior to furniture board in many ways and can be the better choice if cost is not an issue. But, furniture board has many merits that make it as viable. Some cabinet manufacturers, such as Crystal Cabinets, offer plywood as a standard option. Other cabinet companies offer plywood as an upgrade option. these upgrades cost an more 12-16% above the base cabinet price. At the end of the day, if your cabinets constructed well and installed. you’ll likely be unable to tell the difference between a plywood box and a furniture board box.

Still wondering which product is right for your project? Consult with a professional kitchen designer. to discuss the pros and cons of both options.

Plywood vs Particle Board Cabinets

Plywood and particle board can vary in quality, making it hard to say that one is always better than the other. The quality of plywood depends on the number of plies and the thickness of the wood. Fewer plies are less stable, so quality plywood will have more plies. The quality also depends on how well the plies glued together. Low-quality plywood will have gaps, making it less reliable. Plywood used for frameless cabinetry usually has between seven and nine plies. and a thickness of 3/4 of an inch, Linda said. For face-frame cabinetry, half-inch plywood used for the sides, top. And bottom because the frame adds strength to the box structure. Shelves are 3/4 inch plywood. So, though plywood is superior in general. There are many cases where particle board will perform. Well enough to justify the cost savings.

Particle board quality depends on the size of the particles that make it up. The glue that holds it together, and the density of the board. Because particle board can made out of a lot of wood waste, its quality can vary quite a bit. Smaller particles make the board better quality, denser, and heavier. One of the best kinds of particle board is medium density fiberboard (MDF). which is high quality, but can be very heavy, making it difficult to hang large cabinets. Particle board is also gouged or scratched.  his is not as much of an issue if it protected by wood veneer or laminate.

Behind the cherry, birch. or maple doors of a kitchen cabinet is the wood used to construct the cabinet box. the back, sides, top, shelves, and bottom. There are usually two options for cabinet box construction: plywood and particle board. Plywood made up of layers of wood veneer glued together. alternating the grain of the wood for stability. Particle board (also known as furniture board) made of wood fibers glued. and pressed together, sometimes using a mold. Each material has benefits to consider.


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