What is the difference between particle board, melamine plywood and solid wood?

- Apr 12, 2019-

what is the difference between particleboard and plywood ?

 particle board 

      Particle boards (sometimes also called as chipboards). made by glueing together very small  wood  chips ( wood particles ).  and sawdust using phenolic resins. and then pressing the mixture under the presence of heat. to form flat boards that can used for making furniture.

      Particle board wood chips quality depends on the size of the particles that make it up. the glue that holds it together. and the density of the board. Because particle board(oriented strand) can made out of a lot of wood waste, its quality can vary quite a bit. Smaller particles make the board better quality, denser, and heavier building materials. One of the best kinds of wood composite particle board is medium density fiberboard (MDF). which is high quality, but can be very heavy, making it difficult to hang large cabinets. Particle board is also gouged or scratched. but, this is not as much of an issue if it protected by wood veneer or laminate.

particle board melamine Advantages

- melamine faced particle board  is the cheapest of all fiberboards.

-It is less costly than solid wood.

- particle board quality possesses a smooth feel.

-Particle board has many varieties.

-Not all particle boards contain formaldehyde.

-Particle board is lighter in weight.

-It can hold screws more than MDF and HDF.

particle board wood Disadvantages 

- wood particle board gets deformed once saturated with water.

- particle wood is the weakest of all the fiberboards.

- particle wood board the least durable type of fiberboard.

-Moisture has a big effect on it like the other fiberboards.

-It is not meant for heavy loads due to its low strength.

particle board flooring grades

Class 1 particle board flooring

      Designed to provide a total flooring concept. particle board flooring are particularly suited to platform construction. where the floor laid before the erection of walls. It made from precision milled wood flakes. and bonded with moisture resistant synthetic resin. For more protection during construction and exposure to weather. the upper surface is resin enriched and all edges are wax sealed.

Red, Blue, Yellow particle board flooring

       Particleboard floorings are also available with treatments against fungus and termites. The FT or fungicide treated sheets are ideal for areas. where intermittent dampness may occur and the TT. or termiticide treated sheets have added protection against termite attacks. manufactured in Australia to follow the requirements. for Particleboard Flooring, Class 1, in Australian Standard. AS/NZS 1860.1:2002 , Flat Pressed Particleboard.


      Integrates a high reflectance (low emittance) metallised foil. with particleboard flooring to reduce the radiative heat transfer. across a suspended timber floor. and subfloor air space to deliver an improvement in the ‘Total R-Value’ of the flooring system. yet enables flooring to installed in the conventional manner delivering speed and ease.

      R-Flor enables the used. and long established practice of building using the platform construction. method for suspended sub-floors. furthermore.  flooring can continue to installed in a manner consistent. with the requirements of AS1860 Part 2: Particleboard Flooring Installation. 

R-Flor boasts both greenhouse and environmentally friendly credentials:

       Manufactured using managed and renewable plantation pine utilising forest thinnings. and timber sawmill waste and scrap material. It contributes to the reduction. in greenhouse gas emissions by making better use of the energy. required to control building climates . in keeping with the mandatory energy efficiency measures for residential construction. which stem from concerns with climate change; and

Provides Carbon Storage. Carbon absorbed in the form of C02 (greenhouse gas) stored in the wood fibre.

       R-Flor is the next generation in particleboard. developed to meet the requirements for thermal comfort. and energy efficiency. R-Flor integrates a high reflectance (low emittance) metalised foil with particleboard flooring. to reduce the heat transfer across a suspended timber floor and sub floor air space.


       Plywood made of thin sheets of wood veneer that laminated in alternating directions. Plywood is an engineered wood product made up of sheets of wood veneer. The wood veneer boards pressed and bonded together to create one solid piece. This manufacturing process called cross-graining and it reduces shrinkage. and expansion while improving panel strength consistency finish material. Different grades of plywood used for different purposes.

       Plywood grades affected by many variables. including the type of wood ply, thickness, adhesive. and manufacturing/compaction process. Lower grades are perfect for subflooring in buildings and homes. High grades can used for cabinets and shelving. There are many types of plywood to choose from. Make sure to choose the correct plywood type for the furniture or fixture you are building.

      Plywood is also an engineered wood product that made by pressing . and binding sheets of wood veneer together into one solid piece.

       Plywood comes not only in different thicknesses. but also in different grades, so you can choose the right one for your project.  Lower grades used in construction of houses for subfloors and such.  these types of plywood don’t need to look pretty. since they’ll  covered up. The higher grades of plywood (stain grade, cabinet grade, etc.) are much prettier. and smoother.  They have consistent wood grain showing. and generally lack knot holes or other major imperfections.  And cabinet grade plywood is always sanded very on the surface

melamine wood plywood advantages

-It possesses great uniform strength. By establishing an alternating pattern for the grains. plywood is able to gain uniform strength.

-It is available in several large sizes unlike solid wood.

The layers of plywood can altered to give both beauty and strength.

-In contrast to solid wood or real wood, plywood makes the most out of the raw material available. Its making assists in conserving trees.

-Depending on the type, plywood is a versatile material.

-Hardwood plywood lasts longer because of its great quality in strength. In general too, plywood is more durable than fiberboards (MDF,HDF and Particle board)

-Plywood costs cheaper than solid wood.

melamine boards Disadvantages

-Must for a purchaser to buy water resistant plywood if its later use will expose it to wet conditions. This is because the layers may detach.

-One has to find a trustworthy source when buying the material. It is easy to tell the type of wood used on the outer layers but not the inner ones.

-Work has to done on the edges of the plywood where the layers observed. This is the case when using plywood as a material for a custom made furniture. In this scenario, covering the edge with wooden strips after applying glue might do the trick.

-Plywood is less strong than solid wood.

-Plywood is more costly than fiberboards.

-Furniture made out of plywood has to done thereby taking lots of time.

-Nails are not recommended for plywood for they may cause the material to split. Screws are the best way to fasten the material through proper technique such as drilling.

-Plywood can delaminate in hot climatic regions.

plywood vs particle board

CostFor all the advantages plywood has over particleboard. the fact that particleboard is cheaper makes it still quite popular. among furniture manufacturers. and home owners. particleboard costs about half or even less than plywood or solid wood. price is still one of the biggest considerations. when engaging in any kind of project that involves engineered wood products.

 plywood is environmentally friendly. It so happens that particleboard is even more so. That’s because particle boards created using scraps of other lumber products. Plywood, but, requires veneer from fresh timber. When particleboard  manufactured, no extra cutting of trees needs to done.

 water damage 

When you’re working on a project that would exposed to a considerable amount of moisture. it is best that you use plywood instead of particleboard. consider the water damage 

While regular plywood is not exactly waterproof. although marine plywood comes real close. particle boards fare worse as they swell and expand with the moisture. When this happens, particle boards loses most of their strength as well. Worse, particle boards that are swollen with moisture become heavier. and this increases safety risks.


Plywood sheets are also so much lighter weight than particle boards. They are easier to carry from area to area, or floor to floor. The weight also matters when you’re making a wall cabinet or some furniture with wheels. Being heavier, wall cabinets. or wheeled furniture made of particle boards could collapse under its own weight.

plywood veneer sheet

particle board vs plywood cabinets

      Plywood is generally thought to be the better product when building cabinets. Plywood has superior construction longevity because it holds screws. and other mechanical fasteners more . It has superior tensile and shearing properties. (meaning it resists pulling forces and side-to-side movement). and a slight advantage in compressive strength (ability to bear weight). Plywood also weighs less than particle board. .which can be significant when hanging large cabinets. Besides, plywood holds glue joints together better than particle board. and is more resistant to dents and scratches.

      Particle board has its own advantages, including greater dimensional stability. it does not warp due to temperature fluctuations. and other changes in the environment. particle board costs less than plywood. Particle board is often made of scraps of wood that considered waste. Many plywood manufacturers also make particle board from the leftovers. Because of this, particle board is less expensive. By using particle board, one can save between 8% and 12% on the cost of cabinets

       A major downside to particle board is its lack of moisture resistance. If moisture absorbed through the end grain, particle board will swell. for example. if water on the floor comes into contact with the unfinished bottom edge of a cabinet box. To address this potential problem. Imperia seals the ends of all particle board pieces with edge banding. The installer may also seal the bottom edges of cabinet boxes with a clear coat when installing them. Plywood, though more water resistant, is also not very durable in wet conditions.

       plywood. and particle board basic differences is can vary in quality, making it hard to say that one is always better than the other. The quality of plywood depends on the number of plies and the thickness of the wood. Fewer plies are less stable, so quality plywood will have more plies. The quality also depends on how well the plies glued together. Low-quality plywood will have gaps, making it less reliable. Plywood used for frameless cabinetry usually has between seven and nine plies. and a thickness of 3/4 of an inch, Linda said. For face-frame cabinetry, half-inch plywood used for the sides, top. and bottom because the frame adds strength to the box structure; shelves are 3/4 inch plywood. So, though plywood is superior in general, there are many cases. where particle board will perform well enough to justify the cost savings, says Linda.

       Behind the cherry, birch, or maple doors of a kitchen cabinet construction is the wood used to construct the cabinet box. the back, sides, top, shelves, and modular kitchens bottom. There are usually two options for cabinet box construction: plywood cabinet and particle board. Plywood made up of layers of wood veneer glued together. alternating the grain of the wood for stability. Particle board (also known as furniture board) made of wood fibers glued. and pressed together. sometimes using a mold. Each material has benefits to consider.

       Because fine wood plywood is superior to particle board in many ways, it is usually the better choice if cost is not an issue. But, the fact that particle board is less expensive. makes it a reasonable choice in many situations. If the cabinet is large and going to hung, plywood may be the better option because it is lighter. In most other situations, particle board will work almost as well as plywood. When renovating. be sure to consider the benefits of plywood against the limitations of your budget to decide. which choice is best.

Solid wood furniture

what is solid wood

      Solid wood is a term most commonly used to distinguish. between ordinary lumber and engineered wood. but it also refers to structures that do not have hollow spaces. Engineered wood products manufactured by binding together wood strands. fibers, or veneers with adhesives to form a composite material. Engineered wood includes plywood, oriented strand board and fiberboard. The fact that a product made from solid wood is often touted in advertisements. But, using solid wood has advantages and disadvantages.

      Solid wood is lumber that has milled from trees. Other types of wood, such as plywood, medium-density fiberboard or veneers. manufactured from wood composites.

      Solid wood is wood that has cut from a tree. Unlike engineered wood. which composed of wood fibers that held together with adhesives. solid wood contains wood fibers throughout the piece of lumber. No fillers or adhesives used. Solid wood is often used for furniture, construction, cabinetry and flooring. 

       It does not warp as easily as many engineered woods, but it is more susceptible to stains. Solid wood is easier to repair than veneers or other engineered woods, which is one reason. that it used for many types of projects. There are several types of solid wood available, so woodworkers, cabinetmakers. and carpenters can choose from a large selection for their projects. Each type of solid wood has its own characteristics, including its grain pattern. color and texture.

plywood vs solid wood

      Plywood is ideal for applications that need sheet material. that is not susceptible to cracking, shrinking, or warping. Examples include cabinets, desktops, and storage containers. Plywood also works well for creating curved surfaces such as skateboard ramps.

      Solid wood has used as a building material for thousands of years and it shines in applications. where strength and stiffness matter including bookshelves, decking. and structural supports, such as floor joists and roof rafters. It is also the material of choice when aesthetics and beauty count.

       Solid wood is often used in combination with plywood. For example, a desktop. or shelf made from plywood will often have solid wood edging on it to conceal the plywood edges. Another example is solid wood support strips used to stiffen a plywood shelf.

        Solid wood is stronger than plywood, especially stiffness. A shelf made from solid wood will sag less than one made from plywood of the same dimensions.

      If solid wood furniture is not designed. it will weaken over time due to the wood movement related to changes in atmospheric humidity. In extreme cases, cracking and splitting of the wood can occur. Plywood does not do this. But, plywood layers may separate in a damp environment.

      Plywood is easy to rip to width but can be challenging to crosscut due to tear out of the thin outer layers of veneer. When sanding plywood, care must taken not to sand through the veneer. especially when sanding near the edges.

      The extra time and effort involved in applying edging strips needs to taken into account. when building furniture with plywood.

      Solid wood is easy to rip and crosscut. although pinching of the saw blade can occur. when ripping stock with internal stresses. Solid wood can also planed to make it thinner, something that is not workable with plywood.


 More reading:How To Select Wood Grave Melamine Blockboard Veneer?


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