What is MDF Panel and its 6 advantages?

- Jul 25, 2019-

What is MDF wood?

    what is mdf wood? MDF wood is a type of medium density. including wood fibers boards and medium density fiberboard. An density fiberboard made of wood fiber or other vegetable fiber. which crushed, separated, dried. and then urea-formaldehyde resin or other suitable chemicals used adhesive applied. and then hot pressed. 

     The density is generally in the range of 0.5 to 0.8 g/cm 3 (the mediumdensity fiberboard of the quality clearance  is. fiberboard mdf not less than 0.72 g/cm 3 ),  smooth edges  cut mdf and the MDF board sizes of thickness are generally 3 to 30 mm. Fibreboard, in all its densities, crafted from wood fibres. Those might be little tiny portions of hardwood or softwood. Mix these with a few resin and wax, then warmth it up and press it together, and also you get fibreboard.

    Low density fibreboard is usually called particle board. Particle board comprised of even smaller portions than  real wood  MDF - even sawdust. can used to make particle board. That makes particle board inexpensive. but it also makes it weaker than  mdf mediumdensity. 

     There may be also this kind of issue as excessive density fibreboard. and it has its personal name too - hardboard. To make hardboard, more warmth and stress required than with the opposite fibreboards. but adhesives are no longer required. Hardboard is quite sturdy, but can also be an luxurious material. 

    solid wood MDF sheet used in the smooth surface. mdf furniture home improvement decoration. is popular choice. and wood furniture is very friendly. but you may not know about MDF veneer wood. Let's take a look at what mdf board is.

       Medium-density fiberboard is a versatile building material. It’s cost-effective and good for use on shelving, storage cabinets. and decorative projects. It also has a smooth surface, which is perfect for painting.

      MDF wood is sawdust and glue that have fused together with pressure and heat. The color of MDF can range from tan to dark brown. The process of working with MDF is like working with other types of wood or plywood. Fiberboard made from wood fibers, which are small pieces of hardwood or softwood. Low-density fiberboard called particle board. which made from even smaller pieces than MDF. There’s also high-density fiberboard known as hardboard that uses more heat. and pressure than what’s required to make MDF, making it strong and expensive.

       Yueshan sell varied thicknesses of MDF wood ranging from ⅛” to 1 ½” and sheet sizes from 4’ x 8’ to 5’ x 12’. MDF wood options include: bendy, ultralite, fire retardant, moisture resistant, extira, beadboard.  and slatwall.

what is mdf


mdf wood advantages and disadvantages

Advantages of MDF

1,One of the biggest pros to using medium density fiberboard is that it is inexpensive. You can usually purchase MDF for a fraction of the cost of purchasing real wood. By choosing to use medium density fiberboard in certain areas of the house. you can save money to use on other things. This provides you with a lot of flexibility when it comes to the budget of your project.

2,Another advantage of medium density fiberboard is that it can painted or stained to look like wood. After you install it, you can apply paint, and when you do this. most people will not be able to tell you’ve used a cheaper substitute for real wood. You’ll have the look of wood for a fraction of the price.

3,MDF is strong, stiff and heavy; thus, it is a little complicated to work with. The high glue content in the MDF causes steel cutting tools to dull easily and quickly. Thus, it's best to use carbide tools when working with MDF. Use nails and screws to attach MDF pieces together; but, because of its strength. the wood may split and the fasteners will not hold well. To prevent this from happening always pre-drill holes for nails and screws.

mdf wood disadvantages :

      1, The biggest disadvantages of using mdf wood is that it is not damp-proof, MDF board will swell when it sees the water. When using density kickboards, door panels. and  artificial wood product window sills. you should pay attention to the six sides of the paint, so that it will not deformed. While you hammer a nail into real wooden, the wood will pass out of the way after which come back around the nail. Whilst you nail into medium density fiberboard, this could no longer show up. 

      2, Disadvantages of MDF MDF glorified particle board. like particle board, MDF will soak up water and other liquids like a sponge. and swell unless it’s very well sealed on all sides and edges with primer, paint, or another sealing product. 

      3, Disadvantages of Solid Wood Moisture damage in its unfinished state. wood is not waterproof. While stronger woods such as red oak can withstand constant moisture exposure. most woods will get damaged. To protect the wood, a waterproof finishing usually has to applied.

      4, Disadvantages of MDF Wood If MDF chipped or cracked, you cannot repair or cover it easily. MDF can swell if it touches water. There’s no natural grain on MDF wood. Small amounts of formaldehyde may be off-gassed during construction. and it’s less child-friendly than solid wood. 

      5, Disadvantages of MDF Board. These are the disadvantages of mdf which must kept in mind by people. MDF is weaker as compared to natural wood and is not designed to withstand extreme stress. It is prone to cracking or splitting under stress. The longevity of furniture made of mdf is inferior. as compared to natural wooden furniture.

mdf wood disadvantages

 What is MDF wood used for?

    what is mdf wood used for?  Mainly used for furniture making. MDF is a kind of engineered wood board made of wood fiber or other plant fiber by crushing. separating and drying, applying adhesive and then hot pressing. it can use for wood furniture like. cabinet doors, moisture resistant kitchen cabinets, fire retardant mdf stands. For making kitchen cabinets, molding or inside the lavatory surroundings.

    what is mdf commonly used for? One of the  wood grain  MDF is an effective way for comprehensive using mdf. and sanding mdf rational used mdf of wood. MDF Woodworking is one of the most promising products at present. As an outdoors cladding for housing has used.

    what is flexible mdf used for?The internal structure of MDF is certain types uniform. the dimensional stability is good, the density is moderate. and the deformation is small. Physical and mechanical properties are moderate. MDF is generally used for  building material  shelving in closets. and shelves because it’s less expensive and clean. But  high temperature MDF isn’t as stiff as plywood and could sag over time. So when i take advantage of MDF shelving for heavy masses, I pick it up with timber. 

    First, I use  band saw rip a 1×4 right down the center to get two strips approximately 1-five/eight in. Wide. I glue one strip flat towards the underside of the shelf to stiffen the lower back side. Then I glue the alternative strip  ( scroll saw ) to the the front facet. The MDF facet will take in a whole lot of glue, so spread on a light coat. deliver it a minute to soak in, and practice any other bead before you add the wooden  saw band .

    what is mdf board used for? water resistant MDF often used can also used in the middle frame. and middle clips of modern recycled wood decorative frameless paintings. to make life more friendly. 


mdf Types

        Fiberboard is also called MDF. It made of  different grades wood fiber or other plant fiber. Urea-formaldehyde resin or other artificial board applied. MDF can divided into different mdf types like the high-density board, medium-density board. and low-density board according to the difference of the amount. The high-density board has a poor nail holding force than the particleboard. 


       If the looseness occurs, the strength of the density board is not high and it is difficult to fix it. The furniture uses high-density board, inferior high-density board furniture. the content of formaldehyde is very high. and it is harmful to the human body. After dried, the sheet can drop formaldehyde. there are different types of mdf boards. Here is some types of mdf wood:

Particle Board 

    Particle board is one of the more used styles of MDF. Particle board uses a ramification of raw substances which can damaged down. and processed to create debris in lots of distinct configurations and dimensions. All the exceptional particles are then bonded together . and completed the use of a resin binder. Particle board is every now and then used to build smaller fixtures for a dwelling room. bedroom, dining room or kitchen.


    Fiber board manufactured at a decrease temperature in a dry technique. MDF fiberboard manufactured using one of a kind kinds of resins and bonding agents. All fiber board bonded the usage of formaldehyde resins, generally urea. or phenol formaldehyde resin. 

     Those retailers can every now and then purpose infection to the eyes, nostril, throat. and mucous membranes, even at very low degrees. It turned into additionally found that the wooden dust is a carcinogen. But, there are many controls on fiber board that lessen exposure to the bottom viable degree.

Laminated Board

    Laminated board is any other sort of MDF. that may used for a extensive range of constructing initiatives. Laminated board is synthetic the use of exclusive timber grains. Every layer of timber product is then glued , giving the laminated board a surface this is stiff.  laminated board are a selection of forms of laminated timber. The extra used sorts include plywood and blackboard. Due to its excessive density, blackboard can made into chalkboards.

engineered wood 

   engineered wood  has been the number one material for fixtures for millennia. For definition purposes, solid wood refers to natural lumber. even as the time ‘engineered wood’ refers to. other kinds of wooden-based substances together with MDF Board. Whilst stable timber includes wood best. engineered wood is a combination of actual wood, veneers, fibers, resin and adhesives.

Fire Retardant MDF

    Generally red or blue MDF which is fireplace retardant. There are some places. wherein it’s finest (or even required) . to apply hearth retardant materials in production. So on ensure which you are buying legitimate hearth retardant MDF. the panel must certified via a good frame like UL. Fire-retardant MDF used in commercial buildings. which include shops and workplaces, to stick to building codes and necessities. But, fire proof MDF also. can utilized in houses for extra protection towards a capability hearth.

Moisture Resistant MDF

   green core MDF those are moisture resistant. On the alternative facet of the spectrum is moisture resistant MDF. which designed for damp environments. Trendy MDF doesn’t even should touch water to warp. because it will swell each in duration. and thickness with even the slightest change in humidity. water resistant MDF (abbreviated to MR MDF) manufactured. the use of unique resin that imparts moisture resistance. water proof mdf is often used in places like toilets, kitchens and floors where humidity is a concern.

mdf material properties for making furniture 

        MDF properties include physicomechanical properties, decorative properties, and processability. Since the fiber structure of the MDF is uniform and the bonding strength between the fibers is high, the flexural strength, the plane tensile strength, and the elastic modulus are good. Because the surface of the MDF is smooth and smooth, it is easy to glue the veneer and thin paper and other decorative materials, which is convenient for painting and saving paint. 

     MDF can produce boards from a few millimeters to tens of millimeters thick, can replace any thickness of wood, has good machinability, and has a smooth surface after processing.


advantages of mdf

 mdf board process 


        The manufacturing process of MDF includes chipping, hot grinding, fiber drying. paving, hot pressing, sewage treatment. and the like. The chipping cuts the loose wood into wood chips. that meet the production specifications. so that the heat provides better conditions for fiber separation. The chips cut out in the chipping workshop are pre-heated and separated to get fibers. 

         The heat mill grinds the fiber and sizing to make the water content of the fiber reach 50%. After drying, the fiber material stored for a period of time. After the fan \fed to the paving machine, the vacuum airflow used to realize the rough forming of the fiber. and then the pre-pressing machine \passed. Achieving a bad forming process of the board. Here is the specify of how is medium density fibreboard made

wood subtrate Collection

    Choice and refinement of uncooked cloth. or wooden residues is the first step of wooden coaching wood subtrate collection. From sawmills and plywood flowers chips and shavings collected. If softwood used debarking accomplished (eg. Eucalyptus sp). Debarking lessens the natural wastes and grit and will increase finer finishing. Softwood chopped and re-chopped if wished. A chopper may used for this.

 hot grinding    

     The usage of magnet metallic impurities removed. The substances made separate into large lobes and small pitches. A magnetic detector used to split the rest metals. The chosen fibers are then sent for pressing. A side-screw feeder and a plug screw feeder used for hot grinding. Water removed that is an important challenge for this. A refiner tears the fabric into usable fibers. 

       Overseas objects removed by means of larger automobiles. The second one step of completing is laminating. The fibreboard despatched between  rolls. Between the two rolls, adhesives implemented. For this reason fibreboard becomes adhesive coated. For very last coating vinyl, foil, and so forth. Are used. These applied through laminating gadget.

 hot pressing 

     To lessen formaldehyde tolerance resin brought. before refinement and addition of a catalyst after refinement. The quantity of resin controlled by the specified amount. A scalping roll used to supply a mat of uniform thickness. Compressing hot pressing executed in several steps. Those cut or trimmed earlier than very last processing. A huge drum used to compress it into a uniform mat. Before cooling, the resulting board is reduce.

Panel Sanding

    The prepared panels sanded for a easy finish. Belts used and coating with abrasives found. Distinctive ceramic abrasives used including zirconium alumina, aluminum oxide. Also, silicon carbide used for a finer floor. For the development of consistency double-sided grading completed. During manufacture panel sanding to keep away from static strength anti-static era used. Static strength causes excessive dirt.


    Step one of completing is cutting. Relying on the call for for the great of MDF cutting completing steps varies. Shade verities, wooden grain verities noticed. For different size slicing, one of a kind cuttings used

is mdf toxic- the worry of MDF wood product

    is mdf furniture toxic? Melamine mdf with excessive temperature resistance, acid. and alkali resistance, moisture. and has the capabilities including fireplace prevention. the chemical assets of melamine board determines its stability. 

       you don't believe the rhetoric of furniture profiteers. but while the element attribute this sort of element might not lie. so excessive-grade melamine plate through the outgoing high-quality qualified. the interior of the plate melamine so long as don't consume, won't reason damage to human body. and melamine ordinary non-volatile, might not motive harm to human frame. So melamine board is not poisonous.

MDF VS Solid wood

        Solid wood has been the primary material for furniture for millennia. For definition purposes, solid wood refers to natural lumber. while the term ‘engineered wood’ refers to other types of wood based materials such as MDF Board. While solid wood consists of wood only, engineered wood is a mixture of real wood. veneers, fibers, resin and adhesives.

       In homes, MDF Wood used in constructing cabinet doors. In fact, solid wood cabinets will opt for MDF doors. There are several reasons for this.

        MDF Wood does not warp or crack. MDF, like wood, expands and contracts. when there are fluctuations in temperature and humidity. But unlike Wood, MDF does not warp. This is because the board, thanks to its structure, moves as a unit. Even with extreme changes in humidity and temperature. you do not have to worry about any damage to the cabinet doors.

      MDF Board made from very fine particles meaning that it does not have noticeable grain. This results in a better and smooth finish especially when the board painted. If you plan to get the cabinet doors painted, we would recommend MDF over solid wood.

      Easier to customize. Cabinet doors come in a wide variety of styles. There are shaker-style cabinet doors, flat paneled doors. inset doors, raised doors and many more. The ease of customization of MDF boards is to thank for this variety. Because of its structure, MDF Board can cut and drilled in many different ways without any damage.

       Some boards have better water resistance. If you plan to use MDF Board in high moisture areas like the bathroom. you can get MDF boards that have made to be water resistant.

        Available in larger sizes than solid wood. If you have a project that demands a large piece of wood with no joints, MDF is the recommended choice.  Take a look at the similarities of MDF to solid wood at Wellborn Cabinets.

      Finally, MDF is often cheaper than solid wood. but it is still as strong and can last quite long with proper maintenance.

      On the downside, MDF Board gets scratched and cannot repaired after this. This is unlike wood that can sanded down to drop any damage on the surface. Additionally, MDF Boarddoes not do very well. when exposed to extreme heat as the core materials can get damaged. This is why MDF Board is not a good material for outdoor furniture.

Article Summary:

What are MDF Panel and its 6 advantages? Introduced here.  For more inquiries, please surf on 


More reading: What Is The Difference Between MDF Board And Moisture Resistant MDF?


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