what is furniture board and how to repair damaged particle board furniture

- Aug 02, 2019-

 

What Is Furniture Board ?


      Furniture board is a fancy way of saying particleboard. It is a pressboard made of wood particles in a 4' by 8' sheet. It used as the substrate that gets. covered with a melamine layer for the construction of cabinet boxes. drawer boxes, and shelves.


      Luckily particleboard has come a long way since the 60's and 70's many years ago. There are different grades of particleboard. The best termed as furniture board because it is furniture grade. 


      Fine and strong, particleboard holds a screw better than plywood . because it is denser and the material is not as vulnerable to expansion and contraction. That is a plus when cabinets made with tons of screws holding moving and working parts.


      furniture board made from wood chips, mill shavings. and sawdust bound together with a binding agent such as resin and pressed into flat sheets. It comes in different densities. The higher density products are stronger. Cabinet construction often uses this type of wood because of its lower cost and how it is easy to work with.


      Furniture board is a type of wood that has manufactured from wood chips and resin. Since it does not have any type of grain, furniture board is usually covered with a veneer. lacquer or laminate to improve its aesthetic appeal. Furniture board is less expensive than plywood, but it is not as sturdy. It usually has a rough texture, and it is prone to splitting and sagging. It also reacts to the environment, which may cause it to swell and discolor over time. 


how to repair particle board furniture ?


-Remove loose  wood chips or rotted  wood filler. from the damaged  laminate furniture area with a stiff-bristled brush. Sand and smooth rough edges with a medium-grit sanding block. Use a vacuum to remove dust, dirt and small pieces of particle board. Wood filler will not adhere to dirt.


-Fill the damaged area like  water damage with wood filler using a putty knife. Because wood filler shrinks as it dries. apply enough filler to shape a mound higher than the surface to allow for easier sanding. Allow the filler to dry completely.


-Sand the patched area with a medium-grit sanding block. Remove the sanding dust with a vacuum. Apply a second layer of wood filler and allow it to dry completely.


-Sand and smooth the wood filler with a fine-grit sanding block. Feather the edges of the filler into the surface of the wood. Remove the sanding dust with a vacuum.


-Apply a third coat of wood filler if needed, depending on the size of the damaged area. Allow the filler to dry, and sand it smooth with the fine-grit sanding block.


-Prime the particle board if you are painting it. Use a paintbrush, small roller or spray can to apply the primer. and allow it to dry completely before you apply paint.


-furniture drying, if the surface damaged or scratched. can repaired with some paint of the same color, or can e rubbed with varnish, can also protect the paint layer. or even professional maintenance paint. Wood maintenance, mildew prevention, insect control.


fix  damaged particle board furniture Another way


      Carefully lift up the loose veneer and use a putty knife to scrape away as much loose, dried glue as possible.


       Apply a thin layer of contact cement to. both the particle board surface and the bottom surface of the veneer. Use a small stick or a pencil to keep the surfaces apart for 15 minutes or so, until the glue is no longer shiny.


      Press the plastic veneer down onto the particle board core, using a roller or block of wood. The veneer should bond firmly.


       Water damage: Some particleboard furniture is. not faced with laminate, but instead is already painted. With these pieces, long exposure to water can create bubbles. and permanent stains on the surface. The particleboard may even soften and begin to break down. To fix water-damaged sections of particle board furniture. remove the damaged areas using a sharp razor. then fill the space with wood filler and sand smooth.


      If the damage is extensive, remove the damaged areas and replace with a new piece of particle board. If the furniture item is not that important or sentimental. you may want to test the cost of the repair versus purchasing a new piece of furniture.


       Once all the damage has repaired, it's time for sanding. Since laminate particle board furniture has a glossy finish. it's difficult for paint to stick to the surface. If you skip this step, you might find your new coat of paint chipping off in a matter of days.


      Sand the entire item with fine-grit sandpaper. or a sanding block to remove any old finish, lacquer, or gloss. The goal is not to sand off the plastic veneer. but to scuff the surface and give it "tooth" that will help the paint coat adhere. Be careful not to sand too on the edges or you risk chipping away the top layer of the laminate.


       Picking the right primer will save you time by eliminating the need for many coats of paint.


       Use a gray primer if you plan on painting dark-colored particle board.


       Since we had white primer already on hand but wanted to paint a black particle board bookshelf. we opted to mix some of the new paint with the primer to tint it.


       After sanding the item, apply the primer to the surfaces. It's tempting to skip right over to painting, especially if you're using chalk paint. But, resist the urge and take the time to add a coat of primer. This step makes it more likely that the new paint will last.


       We opted to apply a thin coat of primer using a paintbrush to get into every crevice. Make sure to let the primer dry completely before applying any paint. wait a full 24 hours before going on to the next top coat of paint.


      Before applying paint, lightly sand the primer layer. This will ensure that the top coat goes on smoothly and sticks well. After sanding, remove any dust with a lint-free rag.


      If possible, use a roller for painting particle board furniture. This tool will ensure that the final finish is smooth and doesn't show obvious brush strokes. If you like the look of brush strokes, then, by all means, use a paintbrush. You'll need to use one anyway to cut in corners that a roller won't reach.


        While painting, make sure to watch the edges for any paint drips and use a brush to wipe them away. before the paint is able to dry.


        Depending on the paint, one coat may cover the furniture completely. But remember that the best results achieved if the paint applied in a very thin and uniform coat. This is often best achieved if you apply two or even three coats of paint in thin layers. If you need a next coat, be sure to let the first coat completely dry before applying the next one. A very light sanding between coats will help adhesion.


how to prevent damage particle board furniture 


-do not let the furniture board cabinet construction bottom of the sun. the general wooden furniture will produce thermal fluctuations and dryness. some places have cracks, deformation. the decorative laminate kitchen cabinets surface will be worse. and the structure of the furniture has destroyed, not as good as the previous support. 


-soak room and board furniture had better use natural drying method. otherwise you can also open the dehumidifier. it recommended that you completely evaporate the moisture furniture. at least back to the dry state, it will not last long, there may be mold inside. 


-Smooth flat compressed wood furniture should arranged neatly. You must make sure that 5/8 particle board is no vibration after placement. If not jitter. after a long time, particle board desk fasteners will fall off. affect the use effect, reduce the service life of furniture. 


-When cleaning furniture. and cleaning dust, you can wipe particle board flooring with a cotton cloth rag. Painted furniture, can wiped with wax, increase luster, reduce dust. 


-avoid direct sunlight panel furniture should not placed under direct sunlight. because long-term exposure will make the paint film fade, wood will become brittle. 


-the indoor humidity veneer particle board furniture can not be wet, if the humidity is too large.  it will lead to wood decay, and the adhesive part is easy to open glue phenomenon.


fix particle board furniture


particle board furniture


      Laminated furniture board is a kind of wood-based panel. uses of particle board, plywood, block board, MDF board and so on furniture board types. The grain board made of MDI glue and has no formaldehyde pollution. The plywood is often used to make furniture that needs bending deformation. 


       Because the quantity of plywood is large. the content of formaldehyde is difficult to control. the performance of blockboard is sometimes affected by the core material. the particle board is It called solid wood furniture particle board laminate. 


       In fact, the quality of veneer particle board has recognized by the public. used chipboard panels furniture materials are PVC adhesive board. polyester paint surface, melamine top coat, wood grain paper. thin wood grain, etc. The first four materials are generally used for medium. and high density fiberboard. 


        The composite multi-layer furniture backing board is also a kind of board. which composed of 4x8 particle board. and has functions of waterproofing and deformation resistance.


MFC furniture advantages and disadvantages


particle furniture  board advantages


-The most obvious chipboard advantages  is that you can disassemble. and assemble at will rich in shape and fashionable in appearance. Because furniture board is a variety of veneer, color, texture can changed. give people different feelings. it can fix wall.


-benefits of particle board cabinets In price. flat furniture is much cheaper than solid wood furniture. and the quality of furniture determined by the quality of hardware.


-Plate furniture is artificial plate. from the remaining materials of wood as raw materials. after processing, saving wood resources and improving the use rate of resources. Panel furniture components, machining, production and sales efficiency. various shapes, veneer varieties, color, texture. Besides, due to different physical structure. the quality of panel furniture is very warm. not easy to wet or deformed. also it can be picture frame


laminate furniture particleboard disadvantages


- the biggest drawback of cardboard furniture engineered wood disadvantages is that. it is not friendly. For example, in the production of particle board and other plates. to use veneer to wrap it, to use glue. and glue will release formaldehyde. if you buy plate furniture from a regular manufacturer, the use is very harmful to the human body. So, when we choose to buy furniture. we should make strict selection, some irritating furniture, must not buy. it is especially important tips.

furniture repair

how to paint particle board


 Step 1: prepare Tools and Supplies:


Putty knife

Wood filler or putty

Contact cement (if needed)

Fine-grit sanding block or sandpaper

Lint-free cloth

Primer

Paint

Paintbrush

Roller and tray


Step 2: Surfaces Painting


Your furniture piece will achieve the best results. if you clean the entire piece and repair any damage before painting.


Chips and deep scratches: As you may have noticed. particle board furniture can chip, scratch, or crack . If you see existing damage. repair these blemishes with wood putty or filler before painting.


Full the damaged area with wood filler or putty, using a putty knife. Smooth the patch area so it is smooth with the surrounding surface.

Let the putty or filler dry overnight.


After the filler or putty completely dries. sand over the repaired area with fine-grit sandpaper until the surface is smooth.


 Step  3: Peeling veneer


The glues holding plastic veneer to the particleboard core. can often loosen over time. especially at the edges. This can be re-glued with contact cement.


lift up the loose veneer and use a putty knife to scrape away as much loose, dried glue as possible.

Apply a thin layer of contact cement. to both the particle board surface and the bottom surface of the veneer. Use a small stick or a pencil to keep the surfaces apart for 15 minutes or so, until the glue is no longer shiny.


Press the plastic veneer down onto the particle board core, using a roller or block of wood. The veneer should bond .


 Step  4 : Water damage solution 


Some particleboard furniture is not. faced with laminate, but instead is already painted. With these pieces. long exposure to water can create bubbles and permanent stains on the surface. The particleboard may even soften and begin to break down. To fix water-damaged sections of particle board furniture. remove the damaged areas using a sharp razor. then fill the space with wood filler and sand smooth.


If the damage is extensive, remove the damaged areas and replace with a new piece of particle board. If the furniture item is not that important or sentimental. you may want to test the cost of the repair versus purchasing a new piece of furniture.


 Step  5: Sand the Surfaces


Once all the damage has repaired, it's time for sanding. Since laminate particle board furniture has a glossy finish. it's difficult for paint to stick to the surface. If you skip this step, you might find your new coat of paint chipping off in a matter of days.


Sand the entire item with fine-grit sandpaper. or a sanding block to remove any old finish, lacquer, or gloss. The goal is not to sand off the plastic veneer.  but to scuff the surface and give it "tooth" that will help the paint coat adhere. Be careful not to sand too on the edges or you risk chipping away the top layer of the laminate.


 Step  6: Prepare the Primer


Picking the right primer will save you time by eliminating the need for many coats of paint.

Use a gray primer if you plan on painting dark-colored particle board.

Use a white primer if you plan on painting light-colored particle board.

Since we had white primer already on hand but wanted to paint a black particle board bookshelf. we opted to mix some of the new paint with the primer to tint it.


 Step  7: Apply Primer


After sanding the item, apply the primer to the surfaces. It's tempting to skip right over to painting, especially if you're using chalk paint. but, resist the urge and take the time to add a coat of primer. This step makes it more likely that the new paint will last.


We opted to apply a thin coat of primer using a paintbrush to get into every crevice. Make sure to let the primer dry completely before applying any paint. wait a full 24 hours before going on to the next top coat of paint.


refinishing a piece of particle board furniture


 Step  8: Lightly Sand the Surfaces


Before applying paint, lightly sand the primer layer. This will ensure that the top coat goes on smoothly and sticks well. After sanding, remove any dust with a lint-free rag.


Step  9 : Apply Paint


If possible, use a roller for painting particle board furniture. This tool will ensure that the final finish is smooth and doesn't show obvious brush strokes. If you like the look of brush strokes, then, by all means, use a paintbrush. You'll need to use one anyway to cut in corners that a roller won't reach.


While painting. make sure to watch the edges for any paint drips and use a brush to wipe them away before the paint is able to dry.


Depending on the paint, one coat may cover the furniture completely. But remember that the best results achieved if the paint applied in a very thin and uniform coat. This is often best achieved if you apply two or even three coats of paint in thin layers. If you need a next coat, be sure to let the first coat completely dry before applying the next one. A very light sanding between coats will help adhesion.



furniture board manufacturer - Yueshan


      Basing on our strong advantage in decorative boards. we are developing fast in producing panel board furniture. such as civil furniture, office furniture, school furniture, household furniture, hotel furniture etc.


      The various available choices and our designing team′s creative forces are. meeting with the different client′s requirements.


      Yueshan has already passed ISO9001: 2000 version quality management system certifications. We′re prepared to cooperate with customers home. and aboard basing on mutual benefits with our high-quality products and good service.


For more furniture board. particle board inquiry, pls contact Yueshan



More reading


What Are The Melamine Board Colors And How To Select Furniture Boards


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